boys from the majority dinka tribe of south sudan are seen in a wut, or cattle camp. a dinka boy will lavish endless care and affection on his animals, which he considers part of the family. he is named after his favored ox, his namesake ox, who will accompany him everywhere into adulthood in the hopes that he will mature with the same strength and beauty.

between november and april every year, the dinka move their vast herds to dry season cattle camps to take advantage of the rich grasslands on either side of the nile. despite the river running through south sudan, agriculture and fishing is negligible. cattle herding is the most important cultural and economic activity, with more than 80% in south sudan reliant on livestock for their livelihoods.

cattle generate nourishment, fuel, clothing, draught power for crop production, and cash for things such as grain and school fees. “they are stores of wealth which provide a sense of security [particularily during times of drought], prestige, social status and cultural value,” is how this report put it.

but calf mortality rates are as high as 50% - the un food and agricultural organization will spend two million vaccinating almost half of south sudan’s eleven million cattle this year - and tribal violence over cattle ownership is endemic as a consequence.

south sudan gained independence from the north in 2011 after 30 years of civil war, and pro south dinka farmers are in conflict with the cattle herding misseriya arab tribesmen who favor partition from the south. and a cattle raiding feud between rival ethnic groups has left hundreds of people dead and some 100,000 displaced in jonglei state since independence.

despite the importance of cattle, 98% of south sudan’s wealth is derived from oil, and fighting has broken out this month between rebels from ethnic minorities and a dinka dominated government that has siphoned off billions in oil revenues from china.

photos by angela fisher, goran tomasevic and francesco zizola


There are things that have to be forgotten if you want to go on living.


Paul Fryer

Lucifer (Morning star), 2008

Anodized aluminum, silicon rubber cord,

wax work figure, feathers, concrete


charlie russell spent eleven years in russia’s far east living with and raising grizzly cubs orphaned by poachers. the cubs were being held at a zoo in petropavlovsk that was about to shoot them now that they had outgrown their small cages.

charlie built a small cabin in the foothills of the south kamchatka sanctuary, accessible only by the small plane he built and taught himself to fly, where he raised ten cubs with his partner, and the photographer of these photos, maureen enns. his goal was to see if he could earn the trust of the bears. in this, he was so successful that he was sometimes left to babysit the cubs of other mothers.

charlie’s years of living with the bears was the culmination of a lifetime spent filming and exploring the realities of the grizzlies in the wild, beginning with his childhood in alberta’s rocky mountains. he has learned that the bears are not intrinsically dangerous to humans or unpredictable, but that our fear and distrust of the animal has taught them to fear and distrust us. bears that are given no reason to fear humans are willing to be friendly, he says, but the culture of hunting has made them aggressive.

sadly, one day in 2003, charlie returned to his cabin expecting to find the bears emerging from hibernation only to discover a bear gal bladder hanging on the wall. poachers had killed his cubs and sent him a message to counter the one told by his time in kamchatka. “for people to feel good about killing these animals that i find so wonderful, you have to insist they are dangerous and want to hurt us,” he says.

in the past 100 years, 91 humans have been killed by grizzle bears. in that same span of time, more than 200,000 grizzly bears have been killed by humans. charlie russell is the focus of a pbs nature (on tumblr) episode, 'walking with giants', a bbc ‘natural world’ documentary, 'bear man of kamchatka', and the edge of eden - living with grizzlies


“Sideways (REmix)”
Image REmix by Emma Conner
Contribute to the “RE: The Road” collaboration HERE!


Part one of Franz Kafka’s A Country Doctor anime short film by Kōji Yamamura, voiced by kyōgen actors of the Shigeyama house. Click the links for part two and part three of the short film.



Click the image to find out how the world might (really) end.


Click the image to find out how the world might (really) end.


Incredible charcoal drawings by Douglas McDougall.



Incredible charcoal drawings by Douglas McDougall.